Adam Mayer explains pointers to art students

I don’t have a background in CS. In fact I got my degree in Crafts. Yes, you can get a degree in Crafts. And I have one.

Most of my programming skills are self-taught, which is fine most of the time but occasionally gets me into trouble. Recently I learned about pointers the hard way, and to help clarify things my friend Adam broke it down into art school terms for me. It was so hilarious (and helpful) that I’m reposting it here.

You’re telling me you went through art school without once discussing referers and referents? WHAT KIND OF PUNK-ASS ART SCHOOL DID YOU GO TO? Let me break it down to you in art-school terms, then:

In python, you can think of all variables as pointers. All they do is point to objects. When you say:
>> constructivism = 6
You can think of this as creating an “integer object” with a value of 6. Constructivism is not itself 6 (which is to say, constructivism is not “6” in the way that brutalist materialism might be “6”). Instead, constructivism is a variable which points to this newly created
integer object with a value of 6. If you were to say:
>> constructivism = []
>> constructivism = Socket()
then you’ll be creating an new empty list object, or a new socket object, and then constructivism will point to that instead.

That’s all pretty simple. Then there’s this:
>> futurism = constructivism
Now, constructivism is already a pointer to something else. Futurism, however, will not point to constructivism itself: instead it will point to whatever constructivism points too, much like in 1991 Saatchi did not point at Damien Hirst, but whatever Damien Hirst was pointing at at the time; in this instance a dead shark. Note that while Damien Hirst went on to point at other things, Saatchi is still pointing at the dead shark. So:
>> hirst = Shark( dead=True )
Hirst is now pointing at a dead shark.
>> saatchi = hirst
Saatchi is now pointing at the same dead shark. Now,
>> hirst = Skull( bling=True )
Hirst is now pointing at a blinged-out skull, but Saatchi is still stuck on the shark.

When two variables are pointing at the same thing, they both see any changes made to that thing over time. So, for example, look at the following code:

>> # note that hirst does not make the shark himself, but calls a constructor
>> hirst = Shark( dead=True )
>> saatchi = hirst
>> print

Both Hirst and Saatchi are referring to the same dead shark. But, later:

>> # Saatchi uses his money to bring the shark back to life
>> saatchi.ressurect()
>> print
>> print

However, let’s move on:
>> hirst = Skull() # Hirst has moved on to other dumb shit
>> # What doth life?
>> print
AttributeError: Skull has no attribute 'living'

… because hirst now points to a skull, and not the shark.

I could go on, but I’m impatient to see what google ads start popping up for this thread.

(Actually, you probably really need to hear about scoping, but I’ll do that in terms of objectification and the male gaze.)